The pyramids of Egypt are among the most exotic and breathtaking structures in the world. They are beautiful, majestic, and spellbinding, reminding the onlookers of the culture, religion, and lifestyle of people who once lived there. The extraordinary structure and size of these pyramids make them look very mysterious. It was the belief of the Ancient Egyptians that a Pharaoh becomes king of the dead after death.
And the new Pharaoh would become god of the heavens. Also, they believed that a part of the Pharaoh’s spirit stayed in his body. This is why they made arrangement for the corpse so that the new Pharaoh could do his duties as the king of the dead. For this reason, they mummified the dead Pharaohs to preserve their bodies. Food, furniture, gold and other objects was also placed with them as they believed the dead would need it.
The pyramids of Egypt lure tourists from across the globe. People love to have a glimpse of these amazing structures that are in a class of their own. There are 138 pyramids that have been discovered in Egypt. The most famous pyramids are the pyramids of Giza on the outskirts of Cairo. Many of them are considered among the largest structures ever erected.
The Great Pyramid of Khufu is a masterpiece built entirely of limestone. It has 1,300,000 blocks ranging in weight from 2.5 tonnes to 15 tonnes. Its 4 sides face the 4 cardinal points exactly and it has an angle of 52 degrees. Its original height was 146.5 m but now it is only 137 m high. It is the tallest pyramid.
These pyramids were built by Egyptian workers and captured slaves who lived in nearby villages. These workers worked under the supervision of a Pharaoh. The Pharaohs hired some workers on a permanent basis to erect these pyramids. As these were gigantic structures, it took more than 80 years to build them.
About 20,000 to 30,000 workers worked on a single pyramid. It is believed that this work was done when the Nile was flooded and as a result huge limestone blocks were able to be moved down the river. The stones were then polished and pushed up ramps to the right position.
It is still not known how these pyramids were designed. According to architects, it seems that building them required more than simple man-power. It is thought that ropes were used to line the stones up. Also, pulley type devices might also have been involved in this work.
Having a look at these pyramids is certainly a great idea. You will get a chance to unveil the mysteries and discover the magnificence of these constructions that have no like.